Livelihoods & Food Security
South Sudan in brief
|Area:||644 329 km2|
|Population:||10.9 mil. (2014, World Bank)|
South Sudan remains one of the poorest states in the world, with a population vulnerable to virtually all types of risks and shocks, and specifically food insecurity. Northern Bahr el Ghazal state is unique among all states for a combination of factors that negatively affect food production, resiliency and the ability of the population to positively respond to shocks. The state has a high number of returnees and a high level of poverty.
Although the total food insecurity in South Sudan has decreased, 12% of the population in Northern Bahr el Ghazal remains severely and 39% moderately food insecure. Severe acute malnutrition among children under 5 ranges between 1.6% to 2.8% with the highest levels around June. The lack of governmental services and involvement worsens the situation, while the lack of all types of infrastructure, including a very poor communication infrastructure, hinders access to the state particularly in the rainy season.
Since 2013, and in close coordination with its Alliance2015 partners, PIN expanded its operations to Northern Bahr el Gazal, focusing on the improvement of the food security and resilience of the most vulnerable population in Aweil West and Aweil North counties: vegetable gardens, fishery, livestock restocking and management, promotion of effective agricultural methodologies such as animal traction. People in Need´s action also intends to build resilience of local communities through strengthening of anti-flooding protection and water management.