Water & Sanitation
Angola in brief
After decades of civil war, rural communities in Angola don’t have most of basic infrastructure, such as access to safe water, sanitation, health. Only 50% of the population has improved sanitation facilities, and the ratio decreases to about 20% in rural areas (UNICEF/WHO data). Most people are dependent on water from rivers and creeks, located several kilometres far from the villages. People from rural areas often do not use latrines – open defecation is still present in 54% of the rural areas, based on the same source of data – and are not aware of the basic principles of hygiene and disease prevention.
Water, sanitation and hygiene awareness have therefore been an integral part of most People in Need projects in Angola. In Bié, Huíla and Benguela provinces, PIN works to ensure access to safe drinking water, rehabilitating old water points and drilling new wells employing innovative low cost drilling technology. A process of social awakening is implemented in communities to promote behavioral changes with respect to hygiene and sanitation. PIN also integrates water, sanitation & hygiene, health and nutrition in order to combat mother and child malnutrition.