Livelihoods & Food Security
Angola in brief
The long Angolan conflict damaged local continuity of land cultivation and interrupted the inter-generational transfer of agricultural experience and knowledge about crops cultivation and animal breeding. Today, small farmers usually grow two or three basic crops, having no information about alternative crops or access to a variety of seeds. They use only limited tools and are not aware of the basic agricultural techniques and processes. Ploughs, cattle or poultry have virtually disappeared from the villages. Such ineffective and unproductive agriculture results inextreme rural poverty, very limited supply of food and agricultural commodities on local markets, negligible income and bad health of the population.
People in Need teaches local farmers how to grow new crops and breed livestock in the Experimental Agricultural Plots. The Angolan rural population learns how to keep bees, grow medicinal herbs or process raw commodities in order to increase their market value. Petty traders are linked to rural growers in order to buy and sell the produce, seeds and agricultural equipment. Successful participants of training courses are given the possibility to expand their business with micro-grants.
A Model Farm, which has been established at an Agrarian Centre and supplied with energy produced by a small water power plant, offers a number of services for the region. It offers agricultural trainings for farmers, the posibility to buy seeds and tools or mill their flour or peel rice. Additionally, it enriches the local markets with its own agricultural produce such as eggs, meat and bread baked in its bakery.